Henry Purcell (1659 -
Henry Purcell is considered one of the greatest native born English composers before Edward Elgar (1857-
The Purcell was born in London. His younger brother Daniel was also a composer. Indeed he completed the Henry's opera "The Indian Queen" after his early death.
When his father died, in 1664, his uncle, Thomas Purcell, a musician of the Royal Chapel, placed him under his guardianship and he placed him as a chorister in the Chapel Royal.
He studied and sang there as a chorister until his voice broke in 1673 when he became assistant to the organ builder, John Chingkston.
He was a student of John Blow (1649-
He got married during 1682. Soon after his marriage he was appointed organist of the Chapel Royal, an office which he hold simultaneously with the same position at the Abbey.
"His first printed composition, Twelve Sonatas, was published in 1683. For some years after this, he was busy in the production of sacred music, odes addressed to the king and royal family, and other similar works. In 1685, he wrote two of his finest anthems, I was glad and My heart is inditing, for the coronation of King James II. In 1690 he composed a setting of the birthday ode for Queen Mary, Arise, my muse and four years later wrote one of his most elaborate, important and magnificent works – a setting for another birthday ode for the Queen, written by Nahum Tate, entitled Come Ye Sons of Art."
He died at the age of 35.