W.A. Mozart (1756-
From the first years of life he showed a stunning musicianship. At the age of 5, already competent on violin and keyboard instruments, he composed and performed for European Royalty. At 17 he was hired as a musician to the court of his birthplace, Salzburg, but he did not stay there for long. Looking for a better place he traveled to Vienna in 1781 (the same year he was fired from Salzburg). He chose to stay in Vienna seeking a better economic status and fame. During his last years he composed his most known symphonies , concerts, operas, and portions of the unfinished Requiem. The circumstances of his early death have been mythologized. His work was survived by his wife Constanze and his two sons.
He composed over 600 works: 41 symphonies, 12 operas ,concert arias, religious music, the unfinished Requiem, about 40 lieder, dances, serenades, divertimenti, marches, concertos for piano, concertos for violin and horn, quartets and quintets.
Mozart was speaking 5 languages fluently, he was interested in the scientific advances of his time, he discussed politics. Unfortunately, until the mid-
Mozart's Thematic Catalogue
The last period of his life was a turbulent one because of serious economic and family problems. Nevertheless, from February 1784 to December 1791, Mozart wrote many of the most famous works; 5 mature operas, several piano sonatas and his last 3 symphonies. He also wrote smaller works, chamber music and dances for the popular dance festivals in the court of Vienna.
The composer wrote down all these works in a manuscript in the order they were completed. Their recording is quite detailed. On the left pages lay date, title, and orchestration of each work. Sometimes the composer added further information such as singer's name, where the work was composed , who had commissioned the work etc. On the right pages lay the opening bars of each work.
It seems that Mozart planned to include in it all his compositions. there are also entries in the catalogue for a number of works that have been lost later. He made his last entry three weeks before his death on December 1791. His Requiem is not registered as it remained unfinished.
It is the complete chronological list of the works of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and it was compiled by Ludwig von Köchel (1800-
Köchel tried to organize the projects according to the time of their composition , but he could only make approximate estimates on the works written before 1784. Later on there were revisions of Köchel's work because either there were new discoveries of Mozart's compositions, or some works were attributed to him or there were revisions of the composition time for some of his works. Some of these revised lists have incorporated many corrections, such the list of Alfred Einstein (1937).
3. Howard Goodall's Great Dates...1791. Mozart. Documentary film