It was the most important form of music of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. There were so many variations through time (1220-
It appeared as a choral composition without instrumental accompaniment, based on the Latin religious texts to serve the ritual of the Roman Catholic Church, especially during Vespers. The earliest motets arose in 13th century from organum. Later in the 13th century there were secular motets too, written in the vernacular language. Motet's history can be divided into three periods. 1 Medieval Motet (1229-
According to Willi Apel, motet was invented during 13th century. It was derived from clausula.
Originally, motet was not an independent composition, but it was -
Thus, the motet divided into secular and church. For a church Motet only texts in Latin were to be used.
Two Motets -
As Willi Apel indicates, during the 14th century (ars nova) motet lost its dominance but it grew in length, collaboration and rhythmic variety. Typical was the use of isorhythm; repeated rhythmic patterns were employed and this happened in all voices, not only the cantus firmus. Machaut's motets were very influential.
In the early 15th century (Burgundian School) new methods concerning motet composition were introduced . Tenor cantus firmus and multiple texts were abandoned. Now all the voices had same text and motets were not isorhythmic. These are called "free motets." (In the works of John Dunstable and Guillaume Dufay free motets appear together with the last representatives of the isorhythmic type). It is difficult to separate the Motet of those times from other contemporary polyphonic hymns.
1. Willi Apel, Motet , Harvard dictionary of music, second edition, eight printing
2. Motet base