Madrigal during 16th cenury
The term refers both to poetic and to musical composition. Musically, the madrigal derived from frottola. The madrigal's evolution in Italy is distinguished into three phases.
a) early Madrigal, until the mid-
b) Classic Madrigal. Representatives: Andrea Gabrieli you tube, Orlando di Lasso you tube lyrics & comments score, Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina you tube scores. The style of these works was polyphonic and mimetic in general. It approached the contemporary motets of those times.
c) late madrigal. Those works tended to be experimental. There were colorful and dramatic effects. On the other hand, skillful voices of soloists were needed.
It is Important to say that the Madrigal at that time was flexible enough to reject the traditional polyphonic style in order to adopt the new style of monody (see Florentine Camerata).
This transition is obvious in the works of Claudio Monteverdi . His books of madrigals I II, III, IV you tube (written during:1587,1590,1592,1603 respectively) are written in pure polyphonic and a capella style, while the next (V -
Madrigal had an important influence in England. It was significant the Italian influence. The English Madrigal appears with names such as: Song, sonet, canzonet, etc.
Monteverdi, "Parlo Miser o Taccio"
cecular madrigal for 3 voices and basso continuo.
vii book of madrigals published in 1619
Monteverdi, "Si dolce e 'l tormento"
soprano ( or contre-
vi book of madrigals
Willi Apel: Harvard dictionary of music, second edition, eighth printing