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Lassus and Victoria

Renaissance_16th c

Orlande de Lassus (circa 1532-1594)

He was a Franco Flemish composer of the late Renaissance. Today he  is considered one of the most important representatives of mature polyphonic style and one of the three most important  composers of the late 16th century, along with Palestrina and Tomas Luis de Victoria.
He was born in modern-day Belgium.   At age of 12 he left his country and went to Italy (Mantua, Sicily, Milan).  Later he traveled to France, England and then he returned to the Netherlands. There, in 1556,  he joined the court of the Duke of Bavaria, who had a house in Antwerp and  he was trying to create a musical environment equivalent to those of Italian courts. Lassus was the most famous Netherlandish working there, but left the court  to go to Munich, where he married in 1558. He had two sons and both of them were to become composers. During 1560s he was already famous with several students.  Giovanni Gabrieli and Andrea Gabrieli were included.
He composed 2000 works in Latin, Italian, French and German, including 530 motets, 175 Italian madrigals 150 French chansons you tube, 90 German songs (lieder), circa 60 liturgies you tube . It is not known whether he has composed instrumental music.
He remained a Catholic, but not a dogmatic one. His last  works were influenced by the Counter- Reformation in Bavaria during the late 16th century.


                                         Orlandus Lassus: Quid Trepidas

Tomas Luis de Victoria (1548-1611)

He was one of the most prominent spanish composers of Counter-Reformation along with Palestrina and Lassus. Probably Palestrina was one of his   teachers.
He was entirely devoted to religious music. His works revived in the 20th century. compared to Palestrina, there are some differences in his compositional style , regarding the processing of melodic line and dissonances.
Stylistically, Tomas Luis de Victoria preferred simple lines and homophonic texts. His melodic writing and the use of dissonance were more free  compared with  Palestrina.
His most famous work is the Requiem you tube which was composed  for Maria of Austria, spouse of Maximilian II, Empress of the Holy Roman Empire.
His collection of 37 motets and lamentations ("Officium Hebdomadae Sanctae",  published in 1585 you tube) is part of the liturgy for  the Holy Week of Catholic Church.

1.Εμύλ Βυλερμόζ: ιστορία της μουσικής , τόμος 1, εκδόσεις "υποδομή", Αθήνα 1979

                      Tomás Luis de Victoria (Kyrie) Missa O magnum mysterium

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