16th century. Music in Italy
Venetian school was a group of composers working in Venice during 16th century.
Andrian Wilaert (1490-
Today, Venetian school members are well known for their innovations concerning musical techniques. They paved the way for music development of 17th century, along with Camerata fiorentina.
Contributions in history of music
While the contemporary "Roman school" represented a high point of a development concerning polyphonic music, Venetian school is very important for its innovations and progressive tendencies. Freer use of modulations and chromaticism by Andrea Willaert as well as experiments concerning intervals less than a semitone by NIcola Vicentino (using an instrument called archicembalo) were among other innovations introduced. Musicians of Venetian School made a use of equal temperament at an extent. Zarlino investigated the "just intonation" tuning.
However, the most important of all was the development of the Venetian music style by Giovanni Gabrielli: He was called ¨father of orchestration¨ because of polychoral style, echo effects and progressive use of instruments. The style of the school of Venice spread to other countries, especially in Germany. German representatives: Hieronymus Praetorius (1560-
Type of music involving singing of two or more choirs in alternation (you tube & text ). This style differs from the dominant (Roman) polyphonic renaissance music. Polychoral style was the leading stream to the development of what we know today as the "Baroque style". Often the term " cori spezzati" is used to refer to polychoral style.
Giovanni Gabrieli Canzona XIII
Andrian Wilaert ( 1490-
Adrian Willaert was a Renaissance composer and founder of the school of Venice. He is one of composers who emigrated from the north and spread the franco flemish musical style to Italy .
According to Gioseffo Zarlino, Willaert invented the antiphonal style from which the Venice polychoral style was developed.
This style was also in practise during 17th century. WIlaert was a teacher of Gioseffo Zarlino, Andrea Gabrielli, Orlando di Lasso. All formed the core of the school of Venice, with one exception: Orlando di Lasso.
Adriaan Willaert: 'O magnum mysterium'