Renaissance 16th Century
During 16th century, a religious and an economic movement of great importance were to be developed in Europe .
mercantilism is the economic doctrine according to which the control of international trade by the government is of the highest importance for ensuring the military security of the country. A positive trade balance (exports have to be more than imports) is required.
Mercantilism dominated European economic policy during the 16th to the 18th century and was the cause of frequent wars in Europe that season and gave incentives to colonialism. He was the ancestor of Capitalism.
Two of the most important critics of mercantilism was John Locke (17th century) and Adam Smith (18th century).
The Protestant Reformation
The protestant Reformation, was a Christian movement of the 16th century against the Catholic Church. The creation of Protestantism, as the third major branch of Christianity (Orthodoxy, Catholicism, Protestantism) was a very important consequence of that movement.
Reformation is considered a corner stone in regard with the development of international law. The idea of Christian unity through a single doctrine ended through reformation and through the decline of feudalism. A "global society" was to be formed, consisting of hegemonies which were now independent states-
Protestantism is one of the largest dogmas of Christianity. It appeared in Germany as a movement (reformation) during 16th century under the leadership of Martin Luther (1483-
Soon enough, Protestantism failed to remain a single doctrine. several variants were created, from which the most important is that of Switzerland (Zwingli) and Calvinism (Calvin).