Music in History

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Music reflects historical and social evolution

Music is considered to be an integral part of human activity. Not only Scientific investigations, but  archaeological excavations and  anthropological studies as well provide evidence that humans produce music formats for about 40,000 years. Indeed, today it has been clarified that the music along with the language are two elements that define us as human beings. They exist in all societies regardless of whether these societies have other cultural activities or not. Specifically with regard to music production , typical is the case of pirahá people, a tribe of  Amazon natives. Pirahá have no verbal terms for colors, or numbers , they have no stories referring to their origin, or their religion. However they  have music. To be more specific, they have  songs. Other  societies (let´s take the ancient Greeks  for example)  equate music with social  harmony and the harmony  of  the cosmos as well.

Pirahá people have no words to express numbers or colors; however they have developed music.

Music exists and evolves in a respective social and historical context. It is a product of social processes. These topics are studied by history and sociology of music. On the other hand, there are differences among cultures with respect to what are the characteristics that shape  their music . These issues are addressed by ethnomusicology. There are also some fundamental principles with regard to human' s hearing. These principles are given to us by biology and auditory science.
Why do people  like to produce and  listen to  music? There are countless reasons on this!


* Because they love to ( pleasure )
*  Because it helps them  to  control their emotions ( joy, sadness )
* For relaxation, meditation , toning, just  to spend  time , for religious reasons,  because of  an academic interest , for self-
esteem , etc.

Music has the power to enhance people's daily activities on:
* the movement (dance, exercise)
* memory ( nostalgia , music for exercise of memory )
* stimulation (music for driving)
* sleep control
* the creation of atmosphere ( romantic moments , but also anxiety , fear, anger) etc.

The music is used on social groups for :
* ceremonial purposes (eg religious music)
* to strengthen national identity , national unity (eg traditional music)
* to strengthen the social order and social consciousness of a certain group
* for political reasons ( eg, the gospel was associated with the movement for human rights )
* for financial - commercial reasons (muzak)

Music  interacts with the broader cultural environment in which it operates .
* There is music that focuses on melody ( traditional music for violin of France, Armenian music duduk, indian ragas etc )
* There is  music that focuses on chord progressions (eg western symphonic music , rock).
* Music that focuses on rhythm, eg African music (African drumming, Mbira music, Senegal)
This website is dedicated to the history of  music in Europe from antiquity to 1827.

                                                music of India

                                            happening  in a public place

                                                     African rhythm


                                  L.v. Beethoven: symphony no 6

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