The origins of fugue
The principles of imitation and imitative counterpoint were set during 13th century, but it was only in the late 15th century that composers realized the importance of imitation as a structural element of polyphonic music (Obrecht, Josquin).
Some of the motets written by Josquin and N. Gombert are characterized by many small, early "exhibitions". These motets are included in the forerunners of the fugue (for example: Dominus Regnavit by Josquin des Prez. It is written with sections akin to fugal expositions). Ricercar and canzona of Church organ also are included in fugue's forerunners. According to Willi Apel It is difficult for someone to investigate the evolution of these forms in detail, because of the huge amount of material and the variety of trends and schools.
The fugue evolution took place mainly in Germany.
Johann Joseph Fux -
during Baroque era
Composing a fugue was a benchmark for musicians to demonstrate their skills. Fugues were embedded in various musical forms. Among the fugue composers before Bach were: Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck (he was the first to write fugue for church Organ) and Dieterich Buxtehude.
fugues were often included in. F. Handel's oratorios. On the other hand, during that period, suites for Keyboard instruments usually ended up with a gigue in fugue style. In French overtures a quick fugue-
During baroque period the importance of music theory was highlighted and s
In 1725 a book was written by Johann Joseph Fux (1660-
from wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Bach's most famous fugues are those for the harpsichord in The Well-
J. S. Bach's influence extended forward through his son C.P.E. Bach and through the theorist Friedrich Wilhelm Marpurg
Willi Apel, Harvard dictionary of music, second edition, eighth printing.