French opera ( 1670-
French opera was founded by Robert Cambert ( with his "Pomone" 1671 you tube score) και Jean-
The contribution of Lully in the French opera
Lully combined some elements from ballets, tragedy and pastorale into a kind of opera named "tragedie lyrique". Compared with the Italian opera, in French 1) the drama was of greater importance. Lully considered that faster development of the plot suited better to the French audience. 2)There was much time and space for ballets, dances and generally spectacular scenes. 3) There was much more orchestral music 4) There were small and simple songs of dance character instead of artful arias. 5) Lully used a special kind of recitative, combing the ordinary type of recitative with the aria to give a more dramatic tone. 6) Ηe also used the French Overture
Many believe that Lully introduced oboe and bassoon in the orchestra; this belief has not adequately researched.
This type of opera remained unaltered by later composers, including Rameau. Lully operas reflect the flourishing of the genre before Gluck.
Willi Apel, Harvard dictionary of music, second edition, eighth printing