Camerata Florentine (1577-
During the end of 16th century, Camerata Florentina was a group consisted of humanists, musicians, poets and scholars. They met the house of Giovanni de Bardi and they talked about the trends in arts, especially music and drama. Camerata flourished especially during 1577-
People of Camerata had a common belief that not only music but also their contemporary society had been corrupted. They believed that they had to look back to the ancient Greek culture, ethics and style of music in order to improve on one hand their contemporary music / art and on the other hand their society. Though they did not originate many of their conclusions about music, the Camerata solidified the ideas gleaned from outside thinkers like Girolamo Mei, a prominent scholar of ancient Greece at the time. The composers of Camerata Florentine tried to recreate the style of the ancient Greeks, although it had already been lost for centuries. The type developed by this experimentations was called monody.
Monody was a work for solo voice with a simple melodic line and instrumental accompaniment. There were two types: a declamatory and a more melodic. Recitative was developed from the first type and aria was developed from the second one.
Monody works, composed by Jacopo Peri ( 1561-
However the second Peri's opera titled "Eurydice" has been saved. Intermezzo had been included in that new form, that is opera. Composers of the Florentine camerata (Caccini-
Soon enough Camerata Florentine's musical ideas were adopted by many composers and, during first decade of the 17th century, opera was widespread.
Vincenzo Galilei -
It is a composition very common in opera, oratorio and cantata. It is a kind of melodic narration accompanied by a small orchestral ensemble. It is a structural part of an opera and it promotes the plot as a monologue or dialogue
During the Italian Renaissance, intermezzo was a theatrical performance / spectacle with music and (often) dance. It was performed between the acts of a play on the celebration of various circumstances, for example a marriage in an Italian court. It is considered one of the great forerunners of the opera. Intermezzi were composed and performed from 15th to 16th century. They flourished during 16th century. In the 17th century intermezzo merged with the opera nevertheless it was still performed between acts.
Peri: L'Euridice, Prologo "La Tragedia" e Coro "Se de' boschi"