The transition from Renaissance to Baroque ( part a)
Jan Pieterzoon Sweelinck (1562-
Dutch composer, organist and educator. Historically his work stands between Renaissance and Baroque period. He is included among the first major clavier composers and he contributed to the establishment of traditional music for church organ in northern Germany through his work as a teacher.
He is a great representative of the Dutch school for clavier music and a representative of contrapuntal music for clavier before Bach. He was the first to compose fugue for church organ. ( fugue reached perfection via J.S Bach's compositions)
He also composed vocal music (chansons, motets, madrigals, psalms.) you tube you tube
John Dowland (1563-
English composer, singer and lutenist. Today he is known for his melancholy songs ( come again, Flow my tears etc). His instrumental music was revived and recognized during the 20th century and it is now a part of the repertoire for the lute and classical guitar.
Carlo Gesualdo (1566-
Italian nobleman, lutenist and composer. He is mentioned because of his particularly expressive madrigals and church music. He used a chromatic musical idiom which was not heard again, until the 19th century. He had been forgotten until the 20th century. He is well known for the murders of his wife and her lover. you tube madrigals book 6 you tube
Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck Keyboard Works IV