Music in History

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end of 16th century

Renaissance_16th c

The transition from Renaissance to Baroque
( part a)

Jan Pieterzoon Sweelinck (1562-1621)

Dutch composer, organist and educator. Historically his work stands between  Renaissance and  Baroque period.  He is included among the first major clavier composers  and he contributed to the establishment of traditional music for church organ in northern Germany through his work as a teacher.
He is a great representative of the Dutch school for clavier music and a representative of contrapuntal  music for clavier  before Bach. He was the first to compose fugue for church organ. ( fugue reached  perfection  via J.S Bach's compositions)
He also composed vocal music (chansons, motets, madrigals, psalms.) you tube  you tube

John Dowland (1563- 1626)
English composer, singer and lutenist. Today he is known for his melancholy songs ( come again, Flow my tears etc). His instrumental music was revived and recognized during the 20th century and it is now a part of the repertoire for the lute and classical guitar.

Carlo Gesualdo (1566-1613)
Italian nobleman, lutenist and composer. He is mentioned because of  his particularly expressive madrigals and church music. He used  a chromatic musical idiom which was  not heard again,  until the 19th century. He had been forgotten until  the 20th century. He is well known for the murders of his wife and her lover. you tube  madrigals book 6 you tube

                      Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck Keyboard Works IV

                                Sting - Come Again (John Dowland)

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