The transition to Baroque (part b)
Claudio Montevrdi (1567-
He was an Italian composer and musician of viola da gamba. His work is considered significantly influential concerning musical style as it marks the transition from Renaissance to Baroque. He developed two distinguished styles of composition: Polyphony (renaissance) and basso continuo, a significant technique of the Baroque period. He composed one of the first operas surving today (L'Orfeo), which was an innovative work and often performed even nowadays. He was recognized as a composer those times and he was well known during his lifetime. He composed nine books of madrigals, church music and operas. His contribution to the evolution of opera is considered very important.
see also early Italian opera madrigal
Richard Taruskin: Oxford history of music, v2