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Absolute vs program music

Beethoven
 
 


Absolute vs program music

absolute music
from wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Absolute music (sometimes abstract music)  is music that is not explicitly "about" anything; in contrast to program music, it is non-representational The idea of absolute music developed at the end of the 18th century in the writings of authors of early German Romanticism, such as Wilhelm Heinrich Wackenroder, Ludwig Tieck and E. T. A. Hoffmann but the term was not coined until 1846 where it was first used by Richard Wagner in a programme to Beethoven's Ninth Symphony.
A related idea from 19th-century composers, but often contested, considers absolute music as a form of divinity itself which could be evoked by music.
The aesthetic ideas underlying the absolute music debate relate to Kant's aesthetic disinterestedness from his Critique of Aesthetic Judgment, and has led to numerous arguments among musicians, composers, music historians and critics.

Program music
from wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
It  is a type of art music that attempts to musically render an extra-musical narrative. The narrative itself might be offered to the audience in the form of program notes, inviting imaginative correlations with the music. A paradigmatic example is Hector Berlioz's Symphonie fantastique, which relates a drug-induced series of morbid fantasies concerning the unrequited love of a sensitive poet involving murder, execution, and the torments of Hell. The genre culminates in the symphonic works of Richard Strauss that include narrations of the adventures of Don Quixote, Till Eulenspiegel, the composer's domestic life, and an interpretation of Nietzsche's philosophy of the Superman. Following Strauss, the genre declined and new works with explicitly narrative content are rare. Nevertheless the genre continues to exert an influence on film music, especially where this draws upon the techniques of late romantic music.
The term is almost exclusively applied to works in the European classical music tradition, particularly those from the Romantic music period of the 19th century, during which the concept was popular, but pieces which fit the description have long been a part of music. The term is usually reserved for purely instrumental works (pieces without singers and lyrics), and not used, for example for Opera or Lieder. Single movement orchestral pieces of program music are often called symphonic poems.



                                      L.v.Beethoven symphony no 6
                                 
     an example of program music

            Beethoven - Piano Sonata No. 26 in E-flat major, Op. 81a (Les Adieux)
                                         an example of program music

πηγή
Willi Apel,Harvard dictionary of music,second edition, eighth ptinting

 
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