Mannheim school refers to an important group of German composers (mid 18th century) who wrote music for the court orchestra of Charles-
The most notable of the revolutionary techniques of the Mannheim orchestra :
melodic prominence of the Violins in a non contrapunctual but rather an homophonic texture. Abandonment of imitation and fugal style. Presto character in quick movements. Use of extended crescendos, unexpected fortes and long pauses. Use of orchestral effects like tremolo and broken chords in quick notes. The basso continuo (thoroughbass) was replaced by written orchestral parts.
The ideas for this new style was already in the music of many music composers like G. B.Sammartini (1701-
Karl and Anton Stamitz, sons of Johann, were to continue the work of their father
The importance of school Manheim as the founders of the modern symphony was brought to light by Hugo Riemann (1848-
Johann Stamitz: Mannheim Sinfonia in A major
Johann Stamitz (1717-
Czech composer and violinist. His music is stylistically in transition between Baroque and classicism. Little is known about his life. He studied for a year at the University of Prague (1734-
He married Maria Antonia Luneborn in 1744. They had five children but only three were to survive.
It is possible that he went to Paris in the summer of 1754 for a year, at the invitation of a music patron. He appeared to the Parisian public and he published his Orchestral trios op1 (in fact they were symphonies for string orchestra). Maybe he published some other works too. He probably returned to Manheim in 1755 where he died in 1757 at the age of 39. HIs most important works are the 58 symphonies and his 10 trios for orchestra.
from wikipedia,the free encyclopedia
Johann Stamitz's expanded orchestration included important wind parts. His symphonies of the 1750s are scored in eight parts: four strings, two horns and two oboes, although flutes or clarinets may substitute for the oboes. Horns provided not only a harmonic backdrop for strings but solo lines as well, and he was also one of the first composers to write independent lines for oboes.
The chief innovation in Stamitz's symphonic works is their four-
Stamitz also adapted and extended traits originally developed in Italian opera in his instrumental works. He added innovative dynamic devices such as extended crescendos, simple tutti chordal textures and slow harmonic rhythm. Like Italian operas, Stamitz's compositions have a strong sense of rhythmic drive and distinctive thematic material.
Stamitz Clarinet Concerto No.1 in F Major, I. Allegro